Every meeting leader needs to have a simple tool to quickly facilitate prioritization and consensus around basic issues. Use our PowerBall method to build consensus in minutes, not hours. (See the MoSCoW alternative below)
Rationale to Facilitate Prioritization
It’s faster to get a group to agree on what NOT to discuss anymore. Therefore, apply the Pareto Principle (aka 80-20 Rule) to help a group eliminate as many options as possible. By deselecting first, the group can stay focused and you can facilitate prioritization on the most important or attractive options.
CAUTION to Facilitate Prioritization
Be aware that the optimal approach suggests that you prioritize the criteria, not the options. If you find yourself prioritizing options, then reverse-engineer by asking WHY—the response will generate the criteria used for the prioritization. Also, know that you need to have an agreed upon the purpose to facilitate prioritization and resolve arguments.
Method to Facilitate Prioritization
The following steps should be read with an understanding that the activities and tools used below to facilitate prioritization are found in approaches discussed elsewhere on this site and also found in the FAST curriculum.
- Establish the purpose of the object the team is considering (ie, Purpose of _______ is to . . . So that . . .)
- Build your list of options (eg, Brainstorming). Set the list of options aside.
- Build your list of decision criteria (be prepared to define each “criterion”).
- Look at the criteria to see if any options are in violation. For example, if Sally is allergic to flowers, then “buying her flowers” is probably an option that should be eliminated. However, using SCAMPER we might discover other options such as silk flowers, a painting of flowers, etc.
- Ask the participants if they can live with the remaining options. If someone objects, consider eliminating that particular option if numerous others are satisfactory to everyone.
- Once your participants can live with the remaining options, you have consensus.
- To improve the quality of your decision, unveil the visual legend for PowerBalls and the accompanying definitions, and prioritize the criteria, using the Book-End method.
- Find the option(s) that best aligns with and support your stated purpose (Step 1). Appealing to purpose reveals to the group the most important or mandatory criteria.
Definitions to Facilitate Prioritization
The definitions are shown in the legend to facilitate prioritization work in almost all situations and can be converted numerically, such as:
- 5 or a solid ball means high “Pay any price.”
- 1 or an empty circle means low or “Want it for free, not willing to pay extra for it.”
- 3 or a half-filled ball means moderate or all the other stuff between high and low, meaning we are “willing to pay a reasonable price” without being forced to define “reasonable.”
Alternatively, in the Agile world, PowerBalls also equate to MoSCoW, whereby:
- M equals Must have and equates to a solid ball
- S equals Should have and equates to a half-filled ball
- C equals Could have and equates to an empty circle
- W equates to Won’t have or the null (the “o”s make the mnemonic easier to remember)
Separate the most/ least important criteria, striving to code one-third high and one-third low. Code the remaining one-third as moderate by default, without discussion. Attempt to force fit one-third of the candidates as each high, low, and moderate—but be flexible. Appeal to the high criteria and isolate the option(s) that best support the established purpose. To further facilitate prioritization, optimize or guide discussion (if required) by appealing to some of the fuzzy factors that may be difficult to measure objectively.
When you need help creating a robust definition of an option or a criterion that may be argumentative, turn to the Definition Tool for support. If you discover this approach is not robust enough, use a tool more suitable for complicated prioritization such as the FAST Scorecard tool or Perceptual Mapping.
Finally, MG RUSH professional facilitation curriculum focuses on providing methodology. Each student thoroughly practices methodology and tools before class concludes. Some call this immersion. We call it the road to building impactful facilitation skills.
Become Part of the Solution While You Improve Your Facilitation, Leadership, and Methodology Skills
Take a class or forward this to someone who should. MG RUSH Professional Facilitation Training provides an excellent way to earn up to 40 SEUs from the Scrum Alliance, 40 PDUs from PMI, 40 CDUs from IIBA, and 3.2 CEUs. As a member of the International Association of Facilitators (IAF), our Professional Facilitation Training aligns with IAF Certification Principles and fully prepares alumni for their Certified Professional Facilitator designation.
Furthermore, our Professional Facilitation curriculum immerses students in the responsibilities and dynamics of an effective facilitator and methodologist. Because nobody is smarter than everybody, attend an MG RUSH Professional Facilitation, Leadership, and Methodology workshop offered around the world, see MG RUSH for a current schedule.
Go to the Facilitation Training Store to access our in-house resources. You will discover numerous annotated agendas, break timers, and templates. Finally, take a few seconds to buy us a cup of coffee and please SHARE.
In conclusion, we dare you to embrace the will, wisdom, and activities that amplify a facilitative leader.
- How To Plan Appropriate Group Processes (mgrush.com/blog)
- How To Create and Sustain a Participatory Environment (mgrush.com/blog)
- Five Problems with Meetings and What To Do About Them (mgrush.com/blog)
- How to Facilitate Brainstorming (mgrush.com/blog)